Student on laptop in front of the library book shelves

A collection of guides and tools to help avoid plagiarism and copyright infringement.


NoodleTools – temporary login – Database for NCMC students to create citations with step by step assistance.  To register: Institution Username is ncmc Password is geyer.
OWL Writing Lab (Purdue)

NoodleTools – Database for NCMC students to create citations with step by step assistance
OWL Writing Lab (Purdue)


MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 9th ed. 808.02 M6859m MLA
Concise Guide to APA Style: Seventh Edition (newest, 2020 copyright) 808.066 A51214p AME


Educator's Fair Use

EDUCATORS HAVE A FAIR USE RIGHT TO MAKE: Single copy -made of any of the following by or for an educator at his or her individual request for scholarly research, or use in teaching or preparation to teach a class:
  • A chapter from a book;
  • An article from a periodical or newspaper;
  • A short story, short essay, short poem;
  • A chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon or picture from a book, periodical or newspaper
Multiple copies – (not to exceed, in any event, more than one copy per pupil in a course) for classroom use or discussion, provided that:
  • The copying meets the tests of brevity and spontaneity as defined below,
  • Meets the cumulative effect test as defined below,
  • Each copy includes a notice of copyright.
  • Poetry – a complete poem if less than 250 words and if printed on not more than two pages.
  • Prose – either a complete article, story or essay of less than 2,500 words, not greater than 10 percent of the work which ever is less.
  • Illustration – one chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon, or picture per book or per periodical issue.
  • Spontaneity – In order to meet the fair use test of spontaneity, the inspiration and decision of the individual to use the work and the time of its use (for maximum teaching effectiveness) are so close together, that it
  • would be unreasonable to expect a timely reply to a request for permission.
  • Copying the material for only one course in the school in which the copies are made.
  • One short poem, article, story, essay or two excerpt may be copied from the same author.
  • Three short poems, articles, stories or excerpts from the same collective work or periodical volume may be copied during one class term.
  • A limit of nine instances of multiple copying for one course during one class term.
  • Copy to avoid purchase of materials,
  • Copy from consumable materials (workbooks, activity books, exercises, standardized test, answer sheets, etc.),
  • Make illegal copies on direction from higher authority,
  • Copy the same item from term to term
  • Use materials copied by another educator without securing written permission
  • Alter a copyrighted image (cartoon, graph, chart, photograph, diagram, etc.) by modifying the original to create a derivative work,
  • Copy the same item for more than one course. Copies may be made for each section of the course,
  • Charge students more than the actual cost of the authorized copies.


Permission is probably not needed if the use of the material is for only one semester, as this is considered “inspirational” use. However, if the article or book chapter will be used again, or if you are using a significant amount of one work (for example, more than one chapter of a book), copyright permission must be obtained. Also remember that “out of print” does not automatically give permission to photocopy.